By Richard Kölbl
L’Islande est l’un des rares can pay vraiment monolingues. Si on peut malgré cela s’y débrouiller en anglais, quand on se trouve dans des régions moins peuplées, il est préférable de connaître quelques rudiments de los angeles langue islandaise. Vous le constaterez rapidement, les Islandais, réservés au most popular abord, se révèlent rapidement hospitaliers et chaleureux.
L’islandais est une langue remarquable par sa stabilité, due à l’isolement de l’île mais aussi à los angeles politique de l’État pour conserver une langue dénuée de tout apport extérieur.
By Wenfei Fan (auth.), Marcelo Arenas, Michael I. Schwartzbach (eds.)
This quantity comprises the lawsuits of the eleventh overseas Symposium on Database Programming Languages (DBPL 2007), held in Vienna, Austria, on September 23–24, 2007. DBPL 2007 was once certainly one of 15 conferences co-located with VLDB (the overseas convention on Very huge info Bases). DBPLcontinues to presentthe verybest workat the intersectionof database and programming language examine. The complaints comprise a paper in accordance with the invited speak by way of Wenfei Fan and the sixteen contributed papers that have been chosen through the programcommittee from forty-one submissions. each submission used to be reviewed through not less than 3 participants of this system committee. additionally, this system committee sought the evaluations of extra referees, chosen due to their services on specific subject matters. The ?nal collection of papers was once made over the past week of July. we wish to thank all the authors who submitted papers to the c- ference, and the participants of this system committee for his or her very good paintings. this system committee didn't meet in individual, yet conducted wide d- cussions in the course of the digital laptop assembly. we're thankful to Andrei Voronkov for his EasyChair method that made it really easy to control those discussions. eventually, we might additionally prefer to thank Christoph Koch and Gavin Bierman for his or her tips and sound suggestions, and the organizers of VLDB 2007 for taking good care of the neighborhood association of DBPL.
By Joan L. Bybee (Ed.), Suzanne Fleischman (Ed.)
This quantity brings jointly a set of 18 papers that investigate the expression of modality within the grammars of normal languages, with an emphasis on its manifestations in obviously happening discourse. even though the person contributions mirror a range of languages, of synchronic and diachronic foci, and of theoretical orientations — all in the huge area of useful linguistics — they still converge round a couple of key concerns: the connection among 'mood' and 'modality'; the delineation of modal different types and their nomenclature; the grounding of modality in interactive discourse; the elusive classification 'irrealis'; and the connection of modal notions and different types to different different types of grammar.
By Nora Marks & Richard Dauenhauer
This set combines a scientific creation to Tlingit grammar with words and conversations for daily use. relocating from the simplest and advancing to extra advanced, the e-book teaches scholars the right way to make new sentences in their personal. The Fourth version comprises 4 CDs so scholars can listen how the language sounds, and persist with in addition to the teachings. The CDs are manage so listeners can have interaction, occasionally repeating the phrases, occasionally guessing the solutions. a close creation explains the drills and indicates methods of utilizing the publication at domestic, in colleges, and in Tlingit groups. The revised Fourth version of starting Tlingit used to be published in July 2000 (ISBN 0-9679311-1-8). First released approximately 25 years in the past, starting Tlingit continues to be the key textual content within the box. Contents contain prefaces to all variations, publication One: instructor and pupil consultant, and ebook , which is composed of an advent and 9 classes. Appendices comprise Tlingit verb charts, track texts, and a record in conventional Tlingit schooling. comprises 3 audio CDs, the e-book, and a colour brochure that lists the CD tracks. Tracks correspond to classes within the publication.
By Linda A. lanz
This dissertation offers a reference grammar of the Malimiut Coastal dialect of Inupiaq (Eskimo-Aleut > Eskimo > Inuit), an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in northwestern Alaska (ISO codes ESK, IPK). sometimes called Inupiatun, it's the language of the Inupiat humans. The dissertation enhances present documentation of Inupiaq, filling gaps in our present realizing of Inupiaq. the information awarded in dissertation is the results of 5 years of study, fieldwork and research. the purpose is to give a contribution to finished documentation of the Inupiaq language, with specific concentrate on morphosyntax. With nearly 2000 final audio system, normally above 50 years of age, Inupiaq is endangered. in the Inupiat neighborhood there's a powerful dedication to language documentation and revitalization, pushed by way of teams akin to the Alaska local Language middle and native university districts. the present paintings goals to supply a entire description of the morphosyntax of the language to the Inupiat and educational groups. It makes use of the traditional Inupiaq writing method (a converted Latin script) to make it obtainable to the Inupiat group, in addition to to permit for simpler comparability with current texts. Examples also are glossed in IPA for ease of use by way of linguists and different events. After delivering an advent to the language and reviewing prior paintings, the dissertation describes Malimiut Inupiaq phonetics and phonology, nominal and verbal morphology, syntactic different types, wordhood, constituency, and syntax. a last bankruptcy is dedicated to discussing significant findings. those comprise a formerly undocumented phonological swap in development, the plain shift of /.../ (Inupiaq 'r') to the yank English /.../ in more youthful audio system and background newbies. I argue that this has a number of interrelated explanations, together with age, Inupiaq literacy, declining Inupiaq utilization, and the effect of English. The dissertation additionally records case stacking in Inupiaq demonstrative adverbs and demonstrative pronouns, a phenomenon in which those phrases are marked with grammatical case two times. even though the method works in a different way for demonstrative adverbs and for demonstrative pronouns, either express this double case marking, that is formerly undocumented in Eskimo-Aleut. The life of case stacking on adverbs is a very interesting discovery, since it demanding situations at the moment authorised theories of case stacking that inspire case stacking through argument constitution. As adverbs should not part of argument constitution, it indicates one other mechanism for a number of case stacking has to be priceless. even supposing japanese contributors of the Inuit dialect chain were even more broadly documented, many parts of Inupiaq grammar stay undocumented. This dissertation is the 1st to debate a few morphosyntactic subject matters particularly for Inupiaq, together with argument prestige, clause-level and sentence-level constituency, varieties of predication, wordhood (phonological vs. morphological vs. syntactic), and clause combining. What arises out of exploring lots of those themes is that there's a genuine have to separate morphology and syntax in Malimiut Inupiaq. It has frequently been assumed that simply because Inuit languages have so greatly morphology — over four hundred derivational suffixes by myself — that morphology and syntax are one and a similar in those languages. even if, clause combining and constituency — between different phenomena - exhibit that only syntactic phenomena exist within the language.
By Andreas Gottlieb Hoffmann, Benjamin Harris Cowper
This scarce antiquarian ebook is a facsimile reprint of the unique. because of its age, it might probably include imperfections akin to marks, notations, marginalia and wrong pages. simply because we think this paintings is culturally vital, now we have made it to be had as a part of our dedication for safeguarding, keeping, and selling the world's literature in reasonable, prime quality, glossy versions which are real to the unique paintings.
Targeting eighteenth-century structures of symbolic femininity and eighteenth-century women's writing with regards to modern utopian discourse, this quantity adjusts our realizing of the utopia of the Enlightenment, putting a special emphasis on colonial utopias. those essays ponder matters relating to particular configurations of utopias and utopianism by way of contemplating intimately English and French texts by means of either ladies (Sarah Scott, Sarah Fielding, Isabelle de Charrière) and males (Paltock and Montesquieu). The individuals ask the subsequent questions: within the influential discourses of eighteenth-century utopian writing, is there a spot for 'woman,' and if that is so, what (or the place) is it? How do 'women' disrupt, ascertain, or flooring the utopian initiatives in which those constructs ensue? by way of posing questions about the inscription of gender within the context of eighteenth-century utopian writing, the members shed new gentle at the eighteenth-century legacies that proceed to form modern perspectives of social and political growth.
By C. Leroy-Miquel
Книга Vocabulaire progressif du Français Vocabulaire progressif du Français Книги Иностранные языки Автор: C. Leroy-Miquel Год издания: 1999 Формат: pdf Издат.:Cle Intl Страниц: 192 Размер: 8,4 ISBN: 2090338768 Язык: Русский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Словарь французского языка. С упражнениями.
The languages of Europe and North and significant Asia supply a wealthy number of information. during this quantity, a few articles are summaries of enormous areal typological study tasks, and a few articles specialize in buildings or buildings in one language. besides the fact that, it's normal to all of the articles that they examine phenomena that experience no longer been tested formerly, or they practice a brand new framework to a subject matter. the quantity may be of curiosity to students with a spotlight in this vast geographic zone, typologists, old linguists and discourse analysts. the distinctiveness of this quantity is that it brings jointly paintings on a genetically different set of languages that experience a few shared areal characteristics.