By Linda A. lanz
This dissertation offers a reference grammar of the Malimiut Coastal dialect of Inupiaq (Eskimo-Aleut > Eskimo > Inuit), an Eskimo-Aleut language spoken in northwestern Alaska (ISO codes ESK, IPK). sometimes called Inupiatun, it's the language of the Inupiat humans. The dissertation enhances present documentation of Inupiaq, filling gaps in our present realizing of Inupiaq. the information awarded in dissertation is the results of 5 years of study, fieldwork and research. the purpose is to give a contribution to finished documentation of the Inupiaq language, with specific concentrate on morphosyntax. With nearly 2000 final audio system, normally above 50 years of age, Inupiaq is endangered. in the Inupiat neighborhood there's a powerful dedication to language documentation and revitalization, pushed by way of teams akin to the Alaska local Language middle and native university districts. the present paintings goals to supply a entire description of the morphosyntax of the language to the Inupiat and educational groups. It makes use of the traditional Inupiaq writing method (a converted Latin script) to make it obtainable to the Inupiat group, in addition to to permit for simpler comparability with current texts. Examples also are glossed in IPA for ease of use by way of linguists and different events. After delivering an advent to the language and reviewing prior paintings, the dissertation describes Malimiut Inupiaq phonetics and phonology, nominal and verbal morphology, syntactic different types, wordhood, constituency, and syntax. a last bankruptcy is dedicated to discussing significant findings. those comprise a formerly undocumented phonological swap in development, the plain shift of /.../ (Inupiaq 'r') to the yank English /.../ in more youthful audio system and background newbies. I argue that this has a number of interrelated explanations, together with age, Inupiaq literacy, declining Inupiaq utilization, and the effect of English. The dissertation additionally records case stacking in Inupiaq demonstrative adverbs and demonstrative pronouns, a phenomenon in which those phrases are marked with grammatical case two times. even though the method works in a different way for demonstrative adverbs and for demonstrative pronouns, either express this double case marking, that is formerly undocumented in Eskimo-Aleut. The life of case stacking on adverbs is a very interesting discovery, since it demanding situations at the moment authorised theories of case stacking that inspire case stacking through argument constitution. As adverbs should not part of argument constitution, it indicates one other mechanism for a number of case stacking has to be priceless. even supposing japanese contributors of the Inuit dialect chain were even more broadly documented, many parts of Inupiaq grammar stay undocumented. This dissertation is the 1st to debate a few morphosyntactic subject matters particularly for Inupiaq, together with argument prestige, clause-level and sentence-level constituency, varieties of predication, wordhood (phonological vs. morphological vs. syntactic), and clause combining. What arises out of exploring lots of those themes is that there's a genuine have to separate morphology and syntax in Malimiut Inupiaq. It has frequently been assumed that simply because Inuit languages have so greatly morphology — over four hundred derivational suffixes by myself — that morphology and syntax are one and a similar in those languages. even if, clause combining and constituency — between different phenomena - exhibit that only syntactic phenomena exist within the language.
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