By Jonathan Schanzer
In June 2007 civil struggle broke out within the Gaza Strip among rival Palestinian factions, Hamas and Fatah. Western peace efforts within the zone consistently enthusiastic about reconciling opposing fronts: Israel and Palestine. Now, this cautious exploration of heart East historical past over the past 20 years finds that the Palestinians have lengthy been a home divided. What all started as a political contention among Fatah's Yasir Arafat and Hamas chief Sheikh Ahmed Yassin through the first intifada of 1987 advanced right into a full-blown conflict at the streets of Gaza among the forces of Arafat's successor, Mahmoud Abbas, and Ismael Haniyeh, one among Yassin's early protégés. this present day, the conflict maintains among those diametrically opposing forces over the position of Palestinian nationalism and Islamism within the West financial institution and Gaza.
In this thought-provoking e-book, Jonathan Schanzer questions the proposal of Palestinian political cohesion, explaining how inner rivalries and violence have eventually stymied American efforts to advertise center East peace, or even the Palestinian quest for a homeland.
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Extra info for Hamas vs. Fatah: The Struggle For Palestine
Hamas vs. Fatah bargains an unique research of a key subject. Daniel Pipes Director, center East discussion board www. DanielPipes. org xv This web page deliberately left clean INTRODUCTION ISLAMISM VS. PALESTINIAN NATIONALISM On January 26, 2006, an predicted 3,000 Palestinians aligned with Hamas marched throughout the West financial institution city of Ramallah, chanting Hamas slogans and waving eco-friendly flags emblazoned with the Hamas emblem. Onlookers from the Fatah association, the longtime ruling occasion, watched in disbelief. basically the evening ahead of, Fatah’s supporters had pushed via Manarah sq. and fired celebratory gunshots into the air. in accordance with polling information, Fatah might win the Palestinian legislative elections via a comfy margin. the subsequent morning, although, it used to be Hamas that was once celebrating. The polls have been fallacious. certainly, Hamas had received an overpowering electoral victory. Frenzied supporters of the crowd, such a lot recognized for its headlinegrabbing suicide bombing strategies opposed to Israel, chanted euphorically open air the Palestinian Legislative Council development. In a flow that was once visible as either disrespectful and audacious, the revelers raised the golf green Hamas ﬂag over the development. Infuriated, Fatah supporters attempted to decrease the banner. A 30-minute fight ensued, with the 2 facets throwing stones and breaking home windows till Palestinian defense ﬁred caution photographs into the air. For months following the election, tensions among the 2 teams remained excessive. Fatah, the longtime strength dealer within the Palestinian territories—the West financial institution and Gaza—refused handy over the reins of energy. Hamas, for its half, insisted that its landslide electoral victory had granted it 2 • HAMAS VS. FATAH valid keep watch over over the Palestinian Authority (PA), the governing constitution for the territories. A conﬂict have been set in movement. a couple of yr later, on June 7, 2007, forces dependable to the Hamas 17 november introduced an army offensive opposed to Fatah in Gaza, taking command of significant arteries, commandeering the media, and assuming keep an eye on over PA govt constructions and installations. 4 days into the ﬁghting, after a chain of pitched battles, Hamas gunmen clad in black ski mask managed the dusty streets. it's going to now not be lengthy prior to the autumn of the PA’s fortress-like safeguard compound, al-Suraya. certainly, Hamas ﬁghters had burrowed a tunnel underneath the development, detonated lethal explosives, and breached it. After simply six days of ﬁghting, all the Gaza Strip used to be lower than Hamas regulate. The violence among Hamas and Fatah got here as a shock to many observers. Innumerable information reviews out of the center East through the years targeted simply at the conﬂict among Israelis and Palestinians. The Palestinians have generally been considered as keeping a united entrance and, within the phrases of Rashid Khalidi, a professor of heart jap stories at Columbia collage, a “uniform Palestinian id. ”1 Khalidi and lots of different sympathetic observers of Palestinian politics couldn't were extra flawed.