By Arie Morgenstern
Debts of the background of Zionism frequently hint its origins to the overdue 19th century. during this groundbreaking e-book, Arie Morgenstern argues that its roots return even further.
Morgenstern argues compellingly that the Jewish neighborhood in Israel will be traced again to a large-scale wave of immigration in the course of the first half the 19th century. encouraged by way of an expectation for the arrival of the Messiah within the 12 months 1840, millions of Jews from in the course of the Ottoman Empire, North Africa, and jap Europe relocated to Jerusalem. Morgenstern describes the messianic awakening in these kind of lands yet focuses totally on the concept that of redemption via messianic activism that prevailed one of the disciples of Rabbi Elijah, the Ga'on of Vilna. those immigrants believed that the Messiah's arrival could result in the redemption of the Jews, but additionally that, to ensure that this redemption to return approximately, they had to arrange the way in which for the Messiah by means of satisfying the commandment to reside within the land of Israel. Morgenstern bargains a dramatic account in their relocation, their efforts to resume rabbinic ordination, their reestablishment of the Ashkenazi neighborhood, and the development of Jerusalem. He additionally explores the concern of religion that the Messiah's failure to seem as anticipated, and its results at the community.
Drawing on a wealth of formerly untapped resources, Morgenstern sheds vital new mild at the heritage of messianic Judaism and at the ideological tendencies that preceded, and at last gave delivery to, smooth political Zionism.
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