This booklet is devoted to the scientists whose expert devotion and attain ments in examine on scale bugs of the world made the compilation of this booklet attainable. This e-book has basic ambitions: (1) to permit staff, who're no longer experts of scale bugs, to acknowledge and indentify those to households, genera and species; and (2) to supply details at the existence cycle, host-plant variety, traditional enemies, geographical distribution, financial value for every recognized species from principal Europe, and to supply a bibliography on every one taxa lined. Scale bugs are very important pests of fruit and nut timber, woodland crops, woody ornamentals, greenhouse and indoor vegetation. World-wide losses and elevated construction expenditures attributed to scale bugs are expected to arrive $5 billion every year. it's tough to acknowledge them due to their microscopic dimension and hidden behavior. identity of pest species allows plant growers to envision applicable reference resources for organic info and to pick regulate equipment.
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