Download E-books Strongholds of the Picts: The fortifications of Dark Age Scotland (Fortress) PDF

By Angus Konstam

When the Romans left Britain round advert 410 the island had no longer been absolutely subjugated. within the Celtic edge of Caledonia - now Northern Scotland - those unconquered local peoples have been offered with the chance to pillage what remained of Roman Britain. when it comes to reaction the Post-Roman Britons of what's now Scotland did their top to shield themselves from assault, and to maintain what they can of the commercial and administrative structures left at the back of via the Romans. whereas a few outdated Roman forts have been maintained, the Post-Roman Britons within the quarter created new strongholds, or re-occupied the various long-abandoned hill-forts first equipped through their ancestors sooner than the arrival of the Romans. in the meantime the Caledonians - who developed into the Picts - trusted fortifications to keep up regulate over their land.

Then a brand new wave of invaders arrived from around the Irish Sea. The Scots got here first to overcome, then to settle. of their wake got here the Angles and Saxons, using north to occupy such a lot of Scotland so far as the Firth of Forth, and later the Vikings arrived from the north and east. through the number of resulting struggles, the Picts, Scots, Vikings, Northumbrians and North Britons made huge use of fortifications, the is still of which nonetheless dot the fashionable landscape.

This ebook strains the origins and improvement of those North British forts. It additionally touches at the approach they served as secular or non secular facilities, seats of strength, or as boundaries opposed to invasion. it is going to additionally speak about the secret surrounding the Picts, and convey how glossy archaeology has performed a lot to bare the best way those enigmatic humans waged conflict, and defended their strongholds.

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