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By Gunnar Karlsson

Iceland is exclusive between ecu societies in having been based as overdue because the Viking Age and in having copious written and archaeological resources approximately its beginning. Gunnar Karlsson, that country's prime historian, chronicles the age of the Sagas, consulting them to explain an period with out a monarch or critical authority. Equating this filthy rich time with the golden age of antiquity in international background, Karlsson then marks a correspondence among the darkish a while of Europe and Iceland's "dreary period", which begun with the lack of political independence within the overdue 13th century and culminated with an epoch of poverty and humility, in particular throughout the early smooth Age.

Iceland's renaissance took place with the profitable fight for independence within the 19th and early 20th centuries, and with the economic and technical modernization of the 1st 1/2 the 20th century. Karlsson describes the increase of nationalism as Iceland's usually terrible peasants set approximately breaking with Denmark, and he indicates how Iceland within the 20th century slowly stuck up economically with its ecu neighbors.

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