Download E-books The Manchu Way: The Eight Banners and Ethnic Identity in Late Imperial China PDF

By Mark C. Elliott

In 1644, the Manchus, a comparatively unknown humans inhabiting China’s impolite northeastern frontier, overthrew the Ming, Asia’s mightiest rulers, and proven the Qing dynasty, which continued to 1912. From this occasion arises one among chinese language history’s nice conundrums: How did a slightly literate alien humans be ready to stay in energy for almost three hundred years over a hugely cultured inhabitants that used to be enormously stronger in quantity? This challenge has interested students for nearly a century, yet formerly not anyone has approached the query from the Manchu element of view.

This ebook, the 1st in any language to be established commonly on Manchu records, provides a significantly new point of view at the formative interval of the fashionable chinese language kingdom. Drawing on contemporary severe notions of ethnicity, the writer explores the evolution of the “Eight Banners,” a distinct Manchu approach of social and armed forces association that used to be instrumental within the conquest of the Ming.

The writer argues that as rulers of China the Manchu conquerors needed to behave like Confucian monarchs, yet that as a non-Han minority they confronted different, extra complicated issues besides. Their energy derived not just from the popularity of orthodox chinese language notions of legitimacy, but additionally, the writer indicates, from Manchu “ethnic sovereignty,” which trusted the sustained coherence of the conquerors.

When, within the early 1700s, this coherence was once threatened by means of swift acculturation and the possible lack of Manchu uniqueness, the Qing courtroom, constantly insecure, desperately recommended its minions to uphold the traditions of an idealized “Manchu Way.” besides the fact that, the writer indicates that it used to be no longer this charm yet particularly the articulation of a broader id grounded within the realities of 8 Banner existence that succeeded in retaining Manchu ethnicity, and the Qing dynasty besides it, into the 20 th century.

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