By William Rosen
How a seven-year cycle of rain, chilly, ailment, and battle created the worst famine in ecu history
In may well 1315, it began to rain. It didn’t cease anyplace in north Europe until eventually August. subsequent got here the 4 coldest winters in a millennium. separate animal epidemics killed approximately eighty percentage of northern Europe’s farm animals. Wars among Scotland and England, France and Flanders, and rival claimants to the Holy Roman Empire destroyed all closing farmland. After seven years, the mix of misplaced harvests, war, and pestilence could declare six million lives—one 8th of Europe’s overall population.
William Rosen attracts on a big selection of disciplines, from army historical past to feudal legislations to agricultural economics and climatology, to track the succession of traumas that brought on the good Famine. With dramatic appearances through Scotland’s William Wallace, and the luckless Edward II and his treacherous Queen Isabella, history’s most sensible documented episode of catastrophic weather switch comes alive, with strong implications for destiny calamities.
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